Tag Archives: coughs

Red Poinsettias. Safe for Kids?

Red Poinsettias in Pots on Display in a Plant Nursery

Poinsettia plants are less toxic than once believed.

In most cases, poinsettia exposure causes only discomfort, including:

  • A mild, itchy rash. Skin contact with the sap of a poinsettia plant can cause a rash, If this happens, wash the affected area with soap and water. Apply a cool compress to ease itching.
  • A mild stomachache, vomiting or diarrhea. This can happen after eating part of a poinsettia plant. Severe signs and symptoms are unlikely, If you find a child eating a poinsettia plant, clear and rinse his or her mouth.
  • Eye irritation. If the sap of a poinsettia plant comes in contact with the eyes, they can become red and irritated. If this happens, flush the eyes with water.
  • Allergic reaction. Some people are more sensitive to poinsettia plants than are others. Reactions to poinsettia plants are more common among people who have latex allergies, since latex and poinsettia plants share several proteins. In case of a severe reaction, seek prompt medical attention.
Taken from Answers from Jay L. Hoecker, M.D. at the Mayo Clinic

Amendments to the Human Medicines Regulations 2012 to allow the supply of salbutamol inhalers to schools

For those of you having problems purchasing inhalers from independent pharmacists in the UK who may not be aware of the recent changes to the use of inhalers in schools.

I have attached a copy of the document you need to show them and please refer them to this section below which appears on page 12.

‘These Regulations amend the Human Medicines Regulations 2012, to allow schools to hold stocks of asthma inhalers containing salbutamol for use in an emergency. These regulations come into effect on 1st October 2014.
From this date onwards, schools can buy inhalers and spacers (the plastic funnels which make it easier to deliver asthma medicine to the lungs) from a pharmaceutical supplier in small quantities provided it is done on an occasional basis and is not for profit.
A supplier will need a request signed by the principal or head teacher (ideally on appropriately headed paper) stating:
• the name of the school for which the product is required; • the purpose for which that product is required, and • the total quantity required.
The Department of Health has also consulted on draft non-statutory guidance to support schools in England in their management of inhalers, and has revised this to take on board comments received from respondents. It is hoped that the current draft guidance (published simultaneously with this response) covers the major implementation issues raised in the consultation. DH will continue to refine the guidance in the light of any further comments received – particularly from schools as they implement the new arrangements.
As devolved administrations, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland will have respective responsibility for issuing guidance for their schools’.

Department_of_Health_response_to_asthma_consultation

Hope this helps

PK

What is Sickle Cell Anaemia?

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The disorder affects the red blood cells which contain a special protein called haemoglobin (Hb for short). The function of haemoglobin is to carry oxygen from the lungs to all parts of the body.

People with Sickle Cell Anaemia have Sickle haemoglobin (HbS) which is different from the normal haemoglobin (HbA). When sickle haemoglobin gives up its oxygen to the tissues, it sticks together to form long rods inside the red blood cells making these cells rigid and sickle-shaped. Normal red blood cells can bend and flex easily.

Blocked blood vessels

Because of their shape, sickled red blood cells can’t squeeze through small blood vessels as easily as the almost donut-shaped normal cells. This can lead to these small blood vessels getting blocked which then stops the oxygen from getting through to where it is needed. This in turn can lead to severe pain and damage to organs.

Who Gets SCDs?

The different kinds of SCD and the different traits are found mainly in people whose families come from Africa, the Caribbean, the Eastern Mediterranean, Middle East and Asia.* In Britain SCD is most common in people of African and Caribbean descent (at least 1 in 10-40 have sickle cell trait and 1 in 60-200 have SCD). It is estimated there are over 6,000 adults and children with SCD in Britain at present. There are other inherited conditions that mainly affect other groups, e.g. Cystic Fibrosis in Europeans, and Tay-Sachs disease in Jewish people.

Thalassaemia is a group of inherited blood disorders where the part of the blood known as haemoglobin is abnormal.

The abnormality means that the affected red blood cells are unable to function normally, which leads to anaemia (a red blood cell deficiency).

Red blood cells

Red blood cells are very important because they contain a substance called haemoglobin, which carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.

Haemoglobin is produced in the bone marrow (a spongy material found inside larger bones) using the iron that the body gets from food.

In thalassaemia, haemoglobin production is abnormal, leading to anaemia and a reduced oxygen-carrying capacity. If your body doesn’t receive enough oxygen, you’ll feel tired, breathless, drowsy and faint.

If left untreated, the most serious types of thalassaemia can cause other complications, including organ damage, restricted growth, liver disease, heart failure and death.

Who is affected by thalassaemia?

In England, beta thalassaemia major (BTM) is thought to affect around 1,000 people, with an estimated 214,000 carriers.

It most commonly affects people of Cypriot, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Chinese origin.

In the UK, 8 out of 10 babies born with BTM have parents of Indian, Pakistani or Bangladeshi ancestry.

Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia: A guide to school policy [pdf]

A new law (Section 100 of the Children and Families Act 2014) places a duty on schools and academies to make arrangements for supporting pupils with medical conditions. Research has shown that schools struggle to support young people with sickle cell, but the Sickle Cell Society can offer help and advice. Working with university researchers our advisors have overseen the development of a Guide to School Policy for Sickle Cell.

Teachers are faced with many different possible medical conditions and it is not reasonable to expect them to remember details of all of them. At the same time young people with sickle cell dislike initiatives that draw attention to them as different from their peers,” said Professor Simon Dyson of De Montfort University, who led the team of researchers. “What was needed was a policy that supported the student with sickle cell but which operated in the background without overloading teachers with information”.

The Guide to School Policy for young people with sickle cell is based on examples of good practice and contains a template for drawing up an individual health care plan.

Dyson-School-policy-sickle-cell pdf.

Statutory_guidance_on_supporting_pupils_at_school_with_medical_conditions pdf.

For more information go to www.sicklecellsociety.org There is a great video on the website about Sickle cell and how a young person feels about the condition.

 

British Standard First Aid Kit

Child First Aid

Here is the law as revised recently in relation to First Aid Kits.

Health & Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981 (revised 2013).

“An employer shall provide or ensure that there are provided such equipment and facilities as are adequate and appropriate in the circumstances for enabling first aid to be rendered to his employees if they are injured or become ill at work.”

You have a choice when it comes to kits. You can buy an expensive kit to BS8599 standards or you can have a kit that meets the minimum that the HSE recommend. It is your choice.

Your kits must be based on your ‘First Aid Needs Assessment’

How to make sure you meet the new BS8599-1 Standard…

  1.  Undertake a First Aid needs assessment:

LOW RISK (e.g. shops, offices, libraries etc.)

HIGH RISK (e.g. light engineering and assembly work, food processing, warehousing, extensive work with dangerous machinery or sharp instruments, construction, chemical manufacture etc).

 

  1.  Based on risk, choose the appropriate British Standard First Aid Kit:

SMALL KIT USAGE GUIDELINES

LOW RISK   Less than 25 employees

HIGH RISK   Less than 5 employees

MEDIUM KIT USAGE GUIDELINES

LOW RISK   25-100 employees

HIGH RISK   5-25 employees

LARGE KIT USAGE GUIDELINES

LOW RISK     1 Large Kit per 100 employees

HIGH RISK     1 Large Kit per 25 employees

Remember Its your choice on the type of kit.

What does the HSE say?

“Employers may wish to refer to British Standard BS8599 which provides further information on the contents of workplace first aid kits. Whether using a first aid kit complying to BS8599 or an alternative kit, the contents should reflect the outcome of a first aid needs assessment”

Hope this helps

 

Again you can email me on paulkenny@me.com

 

PK

Checking First Aid Kits (UK)

Green first kit equipmentWhen ever children and adults are on site and whenever they leave the building on official duties or trips they must have access to a first aid kit. This also relates to solo workers.

There are no set guidelines for checking kits, however it is advisable to check them on a regular basis to ensure they are fully stocked.

Planning frequency depends on use. A review of your accidents over the last twelve months for your first aid needs assessment will tell you how often each box or bag is used and it should highlight the type of accidents you are dealing with. Each box/bag is stocked with items that reflect this audit.

There is a recommended minimum for your kits which is shown on my website www.paulkenny.me This list is also available from the HSE website.

There are two lists:

When checking kits, the contents should be:

  • Within the use by date
  • Still sealed
  • Packaging intact
  • Stocked to match the number of bodies on site
  • Is water available close to the kit?

You can have what ever you want as long as you justify it with evidence from previous incidents.

Remember no pills, creams or potions.

Water needs to be available at all times so wall kits need to be mounted near or in the same room as a sink and portable kits need a small sealed, sterile water bottle. ‘Still’ water bottles with a sports nozzle are ideal but remember it needs to be sterile and sealed. Also if it is a bottle of water it needs a sticker on saying for First Aid or HSE use only.

As a company we check our first aid kits every Monday and record in each kit a completion list on a monthly checklist. Each week a different member of the team checks the kits as each one has additional items as well as the HSE Minimum to meet that area of use. By doing the rotation on staff checks, all staff get familiar with the kits in that room or area.

Each kit has copies of blank accident forms and Patient report forms as well as the monthly check tick sheet. We also have a monthly treatment spreadsheet for minor injuries where wipes or plasters are used and don’t need a full accident form. On playground duties this spreadsheet will be daily and must be stored in a folder in the office. The only people to access this should be recognized first aiders.

As a busy first aid company we check fixed wall kits weekly and our portable kits daily.

If you have mobile kits used everyday on playground duties then these should be checked daily and a small amount of regular used stock need to held on site. Don’t hoard dressings as they usually only have a short 3 to 4 year shelf life.

If you are a venue that does not have many incidents the minimum really should be monthly.

I have not mentioned the BS8599-1 kits here and will cover this in my next update.

Hope this helps.

Email me on paulkenny@me.com for any information you need.

PK

Asthma Use in Schools

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guidance_on_use_of_emergency_inhalers_in_schools_October_2014

New guidelines from the 1st of October 2014 are now available to allow schools in England to keep inhalers and spacers as a emergency treatment if an identified pupil with an agreed careplan has an issue with their inhaler. They do not need a prescription to do this.

Schools can buy and keep emergency school inhalers on site as long as they follow the guidelines issued here in the attached pdf.

Sadly this only applies to primary and secondary Schools and maintained nurseries.

‘Including maintained schools, independent schools, independent educational institutions, pupil referral units and alternative provision academies. Maintained nursery schools are also eligible to hold an emergency salbutamol inhaler’. (‘Guidance on the use of emergency salbutamol inhalers in schools.  P8’).

As usual any questions you can email me.

Links to the government website are here.

PK

guidance_on_use_of_emergency_inhalers_in_schools_October_2014

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/360585/guidance_on_use_of_emergency_inhalers_in_schools_October_2014.pdf

For more information on our Asthma Awareness course email me at paulkenny@me.com

 

 

Incident reporting in schools and Nurseries (accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences) Update

Accident 14   An ‘accident’ is defined as an unplanned and uncontrolled event that has (or could have) resulted in some sort of harm, The harm may be:

  • an injury (eg a cut or fracture)
  • an illness
  • a mental trauma

Major accidents are defined in the Reporting Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR).

I get a number of questions as to what should and should not be reported after an accident. Hopefully the attached HSE document should help. Make sure you read all the document to fully understand what should and should not be reported.

Always ensure that parents attention is brought to any accident involving a child.

Requirement to inform parents

The Early Years Foundation Stage requires providers, on the child’s admission, to seek parental permission for any necessary emergency medical advice or treatment in the future. Provider must also inform parents of any accidents or injuries sustained by the child while the child is in their care and of any first aid treatment given. It does not give a timescale in which to do this but it is good practice to do this on the same day. This will normally be when the child is collected from the childcare provider. Most providers do this by asking parents to view the record of the accident or injury and to sign to say they have seen it. If you wish to use this type of approach you must also be aware of the data protection rules and not allow parents to view personal information other than that relating to their own child. The requirement to inform parents is more general than that to notify Ofsted and parents should be informed of any accident or injury especially where first aid is necessary. Where a child is picked up by someone other than the child’s parent, with the permission of the parent, we would normally accept that notifying this person is sufficient to satisfy this requirement. You may wish to establish this practice by including it in the information you give to parents. The Childcare Register does not specifically require you to inform parents, but it remains good practice to do so.

‘Serious accidents, injuries and deaths that registered providers must notify to Ofsted and local child protection agencies’ (A childcare fact sheet October 2011).

If accidents do occur they should be investigated to prevent them from happening again. The main points to consider when investigating accidents that have caused injuries or damage are:

  • ensure that accidents, especially serious ones, are reported immediately;
  • ensure any injured people are safe and given appropriate medical or first-aid treatment;
  • seal off the scene of the accident – this stops other people getting hurt and will save any evidence;
  • record the contact details of any witnesses;
  • take photographs or draw a sketch of the accident scene;
  • take witness statements – this should be in writing and done as soon aas possible;
  • find out what caused the accident and why it happened. Don’t just look at what caused the injury or damage, find the ‘root’ cause, ie the first event that occurred in the series of events that led to the injury or damage;
  • decide what you need to do to prevent the same accident happening again, and do it;
  • review the actions you have taken to ensure they are effective
  • make sure the accident form or book is filled in.

Remember an accident report is a legal document and as such should not be shared or given out without having an audit trail for any requests and ideally these should be made in writing. In some instances It might be advisable to check with your insurance company and or your governing body to ensure that they are happy for the information to be given out and shared. Remember you can’t refuse to show or share the information with parents but it is a legal document so therefore it is advisable to ensure you have an audit trail for such information requests.

Handouts.

Serious accidents, injuries and deaths that registered providers must notify to Ofsted and local child protection agencies Schoolaccidents